Religion & Medical Ethics

What You Need to Know - OCR Specification

  • Attitudes to Abortion
    • Different attitudes towards abortion
    • Reasons for different attitudes
  • Attitudes to Fertility Treatments
    • Responses to issues raised by fertility treatments and cloning
  • Attitudes to Euthanasia and Suicide
    • Different attitudes towards euthanasia
    • Different attitudes towards suicide
    • Reasons for different attitudes
  • Using Animals in Medical Research
    • Beliefs about the use of animals in medical research

Practice Questions

(A) Questions

  • What is meant by the term euthanasia?
  • What is meant by the term abortion?
  • What is meant by the term IVF?
  • What is suicide?
  • What is fertility treatment?

(B) Questions

  • Describe Christian attitudes on suicide.
  • Describe what is meant by "Sanctity of human life."
  • Describe what therapeutic cloning is.
  • Explain what is meant by human dignity.
  • Explain the difference between reproductive and therapeutic cloning.

(C) Questions

  • What does Christianity teach about fertility treatment?
  • Describe Christian beliefs about abortion.
  • What does Christianity teach about cloning?
  • Describe Christian beliefs about suicide.
  • Describe Christian beliefs about euthanasia.

(D) Questions

  • Explain how I Christian may respond to someone who is considering having an abortion.
  • Explain Christian attitudes towards fertility treatment.
  • Explain Christian beliefs about euthanasia.
  • Explain how a Christian would respond to someone who wanted to die.
  • Explain Christian attitudes to the use of animals in medical research.

(E) Questions

  • "It is wrong to play God and clone embryos." Discuss this statement
  • "Every unborn baby has a right to life." Discuss this statement
  • "People in great pain should be allowed to die." Discuss this statement
  • "Every woman has a right to a baby." Discuss this statement
  • "Only God has the right to take away life." Discuss this statement

Key Quotes

  • DIFFERENT ATTITUDES TOWARDS ABORTION
    "At that time Menahem sacked Tiphsah and all who were in it and its territory from Tirzah on, because they did not open it to him. Therefore he sacked it, and he ripped open all the women in it who were pregnant."(2 Kings 15:16)
    "When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so that her children come out, but there is no harm, the one who hit her shall surely be fined, as the woman's husband shall impose on him, and he shall pay as the judges determine. But if there is harm, then you shall pay life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe."(Exodus 21:22-25)
    "You shall not murder."(Exodus 20:13)
  • RESPONSES TO ISSUES RAISED BY FERTILITY TREATMENT AND CLONING
    "Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb a reward."(Psalm 127:3)
    "But to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved her, though the Lord had closed her womb."(1 Samuel 1:5)
    "Know that the Lord, he is God! It is he who made us, and we are his; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture."(Psalm 100:3)
  • DIFFERENT ATTITUDES TOWARDS EUTHANASIA
    "You shall not murder."(Exodus 20:13)
    "Do you not know that you are God's temple and that God's Spirit dwells in you? If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy him. For God's temple is holy, and you are that temple."(Corinthians 3:16-17)
  • DIFFERENT ATTITUDES TOWARDS SUICIDE
    "Be not overly wicked, neither be a fool. Why should you die before your time?"(Ecclesiastes 7:17)
  • BELIEFS ABOUT THE USE OF ANIMALS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH
    "Whoever is righteous has regard for the life of his beast, but the mercy of the wicked is cruel."(Proverbs 12:10)
    "Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies? And not one of them is forgotten before God."(Luke 12:6)

Keywords

  • Abortion
  • Fertility treatment
  • Cloning
  • Euthanasia
  • Suicide
  • Medical research

These keywords are specific to Religion & Medical Ethics. To find out more about keywords and command words, see our page on Exam Preparation

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