Religion, Peace & Justice

What You Need to Know - OCR Specification

  • Attitudes to War
    • Attitudes to War
    • The Just War Theory
  • Violence and Pacifism
    • Attitudes towards the use of violence
    • Attitudes towards pacifism
    • Reasons for these attitudes
  • Crime and Punishment
    • Concept of justice
    • Aims of punishment
    • Attitudes towards capital punishment
    • Beliefs about the treatment of criminals
    • Responses to the treatment of criminals
  • Social Injustice
    • Concept of social justice and injustice
    • Beliefs about social injustice
    • Responses to social injustice

Practice Questions

(A) Questions

  • What is capital punishment?
  • What is meant by the term 'social justice'?
  • What is meant by the term 'social justice'?
  • What is meant by the term 'Just War'?

(B) Questions

  • Give two aims of punishment
  • Give two reasons why Christians might be pacifists
  • Give two ways in which criminals might be punished
  • Give two examples of social injustice

(C) Questions

  • Describe what the attitude of Christians might be towards capital punishment
  • Give three ways in which Christians might respond to social injustice
  • State three reasons why Christians might work for social justice
  • What do Christians believe about pacifism?

(D) Questions

  • Explain what Christians might believe about the treatment of criminals
  • Explain what Christians might believe about Just War
  • Explain why Christians might take part in a war
  • Explain why working towards social justice is important for some Christians

(E) Questions

  • "Putting people into prison is a waste of money." Discuss this statement
  • "You should always stand up to unjust governments." Discuss this statement
  • "Justice is more important than peace." Discuss this statement
  • "Capital punishment can never be justified." Discuss this statement

Key Quotes

    "You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you."(Matthew 5:38-45)
    "Then Jesus said to him, 'Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword.'"(Matthew 26:52)
    "A time to love, and a time to hate; a time for war, and a time for peace."(Ecclesiastes 3:8)
    "Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword."(Matthew 10:34)
    "And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one."(Luke 22:36)
    "But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you."(Matthew 5:44)
    "But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also."(Matthew 5:39)
    "When justice is done, it is a joy to the righteous but terror to evildoers."(Proverbs 21:15)
    "Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, 'Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.'."(Romans 12:19)
    "For the wrongdoer will be paid back for the wrong he has done, and there is no partiality."(Colossians 3:25)
    "Be assured, an evil person will not go unpunished, but the offspring of the righteous will be delivered."(Proverbs 11:21)
    "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe."(Exodus 21:24-25)
    "You shall not murder."(Exodus 20:13)
    "For he is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword in vain. For he is the servant of God, an avenger who carries out God's wrath on the wrongdoer."(Romans 13:4)
    "Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’He will reply, 'Truly I tell you, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me'."(Parable of the sheep and the goats)
    "Learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; bring justice to the fatherless, plead the widow's cause."(Isaiah 1:17)
    "Thus says the Lord: Do justice and righteousness, and deliver from the hand of the oppressor him who has been robbed. And do no wrong or violence to the resident alien, the fatherless, and the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place."(Jeremiah 22:3)


  • War
  • Just War theory
  • Violence
  • Pacifism
  • Crime
  • Punishment
  • Justice
  • Capital punishment
  • Criminals
  • Social justice
  • Social injustice

These keywords are specific to Religion, Peace & Justice. To find out more about keywords and command words, see our page on Exam Preparation

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