Religion, reason & Revelation

OCR Specification

  • Form and Nature of Revelation
    • Concept of revelation
    • Revelation through mystical and religious experience
    • Revelation of God through the world
    • Revelation of God in the person of Jesus
  • Authority and Importance of Sacred Texts
    • Authority of the Bible and reasons for it
    • Significance and importance of the Bible


  • AUTHORITY - the power or right to give orders, make decisions and enforce obedience
  • BIBLE - Christian holy book that contains the Old and New Testament
  • CONSERVATIVE - against change and wanting to hold onto traditional values
  • FUNDAMENTALIST - a person who believes in literal interpretation of scripture in a religion
  • INTERVENE - take part in something to prevent or alter an event
  • LIBERAL - willing to disregard traditional beliefs in light of modern thought
  • LITERAL - interpreting words in their most basic sense without considering metaphor or exaggeration
  • NUMINOUS - feeling a link to God when experiencing something that is not necessarily religious
  • MYSTICAL - an experience that makes you feel a direct link with God
  • REFORMATION - 16th-century movement to reform the abuses in the Roman Catholic Church that resulted in the creation of new Protestant Churches
  • RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE - an experience that makes you feel a direct link with God
  • REVELATION - God revealing himself to humans
  • SACRED - something connected to God which is special and deserving of worship

These keywords are specific to Religion, Reason & Revelation. To find out more about keywords and command words, see our page on Exam Preparation

Practice Questions

'A' Questions

  • What does the term mystical mean?
  • What is meant by the term authority?
  • What is meant by a religious experience?
  • What is meant by the term miracle?
  • Name one Christian scripture.

'B' Questions

  • Give two examples of religious experience.
  • Give two ways in which God has revealed himself.
  • Give two examples of miracles.
  • State two types of revelation.
  • Give two ways in which Christians might seek a revelation from God.

'C' Questions

  • Describe how Christians believe God has revealed himself in the world.
  • Describe how Christians may use the Bible.
  • Describe Christian beliefs about miracles.
  • Describe how Christians might experience God.
  • Describe what Christians mean by mystical experience.

'D' Questions

  • Explain Christian beliefs about Jesus.
  • Explain Christian beliefs about revelation.
  • Explain how Christians may use the bible in their lives.
  • Explain the importance of the revelation of God in the person of Jesus.
  • Explain what Christians believe about religious experiences.

'E' Questions

  • "God’s power is revealed through nature." Discuss this statement.
  • "The meanings of the teachings in the Bible have been changed so often that they are no longer true." Discuss this statement.
  • "Sacred texts should be written in modern language so everyone can understand them" Discuss this statement.
  • "One person's experience cannot prove God's existence." Discuss this statement.
  • "People who believe they have had religious experiences are fooling themselves." Discuss this statement.

Usually the 'E' question statements are followed by the instructions: "Discuss this statement. You should include different, supported points of view and a personal viewpoint. You must refer to Christianity in your answer."

For the sake of this book these instructions will be reduced to, "Discuss this statement".

Key Quotes

  • Concept of revelation
    "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God."(Matthew 5:8)
    "Jesus said to him, 'I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me'"(John 14:6)
  • Revelation through mystical and religious experience
    "And behold, a voice from heaven said, 'This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.'"(Matthew 3:17)
    "It performs great signs, even making fire come down from heaven to earth in front of people."(Revelation 13:13)
  • Revelation of God through the world
    "For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse."(Romand 1:20)
  • Revelation of God in the person of Jesus
    "I and Father are one."(John 10:30)
    "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life."(John 3:16))
  • Authority of the Bible and reasons for it
    "Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away."(Matthew 24:35))
  • Significance and importance of the Bible
    "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be competent, equipped for every good work."(Timothy 3:16-17))
    "This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it. For then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have good success."Joshua 1:8)
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