Religious & Spiritual Experience

OCR Specification

  • Public and Private Worship
    • Concept of worship
    • Worship in a Christian place of worship and at home
    • The use and significance of symbolism in worship
    • The use of art and music to express beliefs about God
  • Prayer and Meditation
    • The concept of prayer
    • The purpose and use of prayer to deepen faith
    • The power of prayer and answered prayer
  • Food and Fasting
    • The concept of fasting
    • Responses to God
    • Food for festivals
  • APOSTLES - 12 key disciples of Jesus
  • ART - the expression of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture
  • BISHOP - senior member and religious leader of Christian Churches
  • CATHEDRAL - an important large church which a bishop is linked to
  • CHURCH - a building used for Christian worship
  • DENOMINATION - a self-ruling and separate Church within Christianity
  • FAITH - strong belief in the teachings of a religion
  • FASTING - to abstain from some or all food and drink
  • FESTIVALS - a day or period of celebration for religious reasons
  • GENTILES - non-Jewish people
  • PRAYER - a solemn request for help or expression of thanks addressed to God
  • PRIEST - an ordained minister of a Church, authorised to perform certain rituals
  • SYMBOLISM - the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities, to show a deeper meaning about something
  • WORSHIP - the feeling or expression of reverence and adoration for God. Religious rituals and ceremonies, showing reverence for a God

These keywords are specific to Religious & Spiritual Experience. To find out more about keywords and command words, see our page on Exam Preparation


Practice Questions

'A' Questions

  • What is fasting?
  • What is worship?
  • What is prayer?
  • What is meditation?

'B' Questions

  • Give two examples of public worship.
  • Explain the symbolism of the cross.
  • What is a rosary and how is it used?
  • Give two examples of how food is used in Christian worship.
  • Give two examples of how food is used in Christian festivals.
  • What is a religious experience?

'C' Questions

  • Describe how private worship might be used by a Christian.
  • Describe how private prayer might be used by a Christian.
  • Describe how fasting might be used by a Christian.
  • Describe how a symbols may be used in Christian worship.
  • Describe how art could be used in private worship.

'D' Questions

  • Explain the role of prayer in a Christian’s life.
  • Explain how worship might deepen a Christian’s faith.
  • Explain how fasting might be used to deepen faith.
  • Explain the use of music in public worship.
  • Explain why Christians use symbols.

'E' Questions

  • "For worship, prayer is more important than beautiful buildings." Discuss this statement.
  • "Fasting is not as important as prayer." Discuss this statement.
  • "You do not need to go to church to worship God." Discuss this statement.
  • "Religious art is a distraction from God." Discuss this statement.
  • "Religious symbols are confusing." Discuss this statement.
  • "Religious experience is not a good enough basis for faith in God." Discuss this statement.

Usually the 'E' question statements are followed by the instructions: "Discuss this statement. You should include different, supported points of view and a personal viewpoint. You must refer to Christianity in your answer."

For the sake of this book these instructions will be reduced to, "Discuss this statement".

Key Quotes

  • WORSHIP
    "Do not forget the covenant I have made with you, and do not worship other gods. Rather, worship the LORD your God; it is he who will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies."2 Kings 17:38-39
    "All the nations you have made will come and worship before you, O Lord; they will bring glory to your name. For you are great and do marvellous deeds; you alone are God."Psalm 86:9-10
  • ART
    "Send me, therefore, a man skilled to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, and in purple, crimson and blue yarn, and experienced in the art of engraving, to work in Judah and Jerusalem with my skilled craftsmen, whom my father David provided."2 Chronicles 2:7
  • MUSIC
    "Hear this, you kings! Listen, you rulers! I will sing to the LORD, I will sing; I will make music to the LORD, the God of Israel."Judges 5:3
    "They sing to the music of tambourine and harp; they make merry to the sound of the flute."Job 21:12
  • PRAYER
    "Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours."Mark 11:24
    "Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is working."James 5:16
    "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil."Lord’s Prayer
  • FASTING
    "And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you."Matthew 6:16-18
    "I ate no delicacies, no meat or wine entered my mouth, nor did I anoint myself at all, for the full three weeks."Daniel 10:3
  • FEAST
    "The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, These are the appointed feasts of the Lord that you shall proclaim as holy convocations; they are my appointed feasts."Leviticus 23:1-2
    "When one of those who reclined at table with him heard these things, he said to him, 'Blessed is everyone who will eat bread in the kingdom of God!'"Luke 14:15

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