The End of Life

OCR Specification

  • Body and Soul
    • The concept of soul
    • The relationship between body and soul
  • Life After Death
    • Concept of life after death
    • Beliefs about:
      • Heaven
      • Hell
      • Purgatory
      • Salvation
      • Redemption
      • The suffering of Christ
      • Resurrection
  • God as judge
    • Relationship between God the judge, life on earth and the afterlife
  • Funeral Rites
    • Funeral rites
    • The way funeral rites reflect belief and aim to support the bereaved
  • ANNIHILATION - complete destruction
  • ASCENSION - rising to a higher level or position
  • CONFESSION - an admission of one’s sins with repentance
  • and desire to absolve it, done privately to a priest as a religious duty or directly to God through prayer
  • DELIVERANCE - to be rescued or set free
  • DIVINE EXCHANGE - Christian concept of redemption, that Jesus gave up his life in order to take away the sin of humanity
  • ETERNAL LIFE - spiritual existence after the death of the body
  • EULOGY - a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, especially a tribute to someone who has just died
  • FREE WILL - acting according to one's own free choice
  • FUNERAL - a ceremony or service held shortly after a person’s death, usually including the person’s burial or cremation
  • HEAVEN - a place regarded as the abode of God, the good afterlife, often traditionally depicted as being above the sky
  • HELL - a place regarded as a spiritual realm of evil and suffering, often traditionally depicted as a place of perpetual fire beneath the earth where the wicked are punished after death
  • IMMORTAL - living forever, never dying or decaying
  • JUDGE - someone qualified to decide whether someone is guilty or innocent
  • MORTAL - a living being who will eventually die
  • PETITIONARY PRAYERS - special prayers that ask God to take away the sin of a soul that has moved into the afterlife
  • PURGATORY - a Catholic concept, a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are ridding themselves of their sins before going to heaven
  • REDEMPTION - the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil
  • RESURRECTION - Jesus rising from the dead
  • RITES - a religious ceremony or act
  • SALVATION - deliverance from sin and its consequences, believed by Christians to be brought about by faith in Christ
  • SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE - a principle of implied protection for human life which is said to be holy, sacred, or otherwise of such value that it is not to be violated
  • SOUL - the spiritual or immaterial part of a human being, regarded as immortal
  • SUFFERING - undergoing pain, distress or hardship

These keywords are specific to The End of Life. To find out more about keywords and command words, see our page on Exam Preparation

Practice Questions

'A' Questions

  • What is a soul?
  • What is purgatory?
  • What is a eulogy?
  • What is meant by salvation?

'B' Questions

  • What is meant by the word ‘salvation’?
  • What is meant by the term ‘annihilation’?
  • What is meant by the term ‘redemption’?
  • What is meant by the ‘divine exchange’?
  • Give two features of a funeral service.

'C' Questions

  • What do Christians believe about the soul?
  • What do Christians believe about heaven?
  • What do Christians believe about hell?
  • What do Christians believe about what happens to good people when they die?
  • What do Christians believe about judgement beyond death?

'D' Questions

  • Explain how a Christian funeral service reflects beliefs about the end of life.
  • Explain how a Christian funeral service might help comfort someone who has died.
  • Explain Christian beliefs about the reasons why Jesus had to die on the cross.
  • Explain what Christians believe about life after death.
  • Explain Christian beliefs about the soul.

'E' Questions

  • "This life is more important than the next." Discuss this statement.
  • "If you behave badly in this life you will be punished after you die." Discuss this statement.
  • "A forgiving God would never send people to hell." Discuss this statement.
  • "People only believe in life after death because they are afraid of dying." Discuss this statement.
  • "Funeral ceremonies are for the living, not the dead." Discuss this statement.

Usually the 'E' question statements are followed by the instructions: "Discuss this statement. You should include different, supported points of view and a personal viewpoint. You must refer to Christianity in your answer."

For the sake of this book these instructions will be reduced to, "Discuss this statement".

Key Quotes

  • Body & Soul
    "The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being."(Genesis 2:7)
    "So it will be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable……it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body."(1 Corinthians 15:42 and 44)
    "Don’t you know that you yourselves are God’s temple and that God’s spirit lives in you?... for God’s temple is sacred, and you are that temple."(1 Corinthians 3: 16-17)
    "When I want to do good, evil is right there with me. For in my inner being I delight in God’s law ..."(Romans 7:21 – 22)
    "Behold I will create new heavens and a new earth…….the wolf and the lamb will feed together ..."(Isaiah 65: 17 and 25)
  • Redemption and the suffering of Christ
    "For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."(Mark 10:45)
    "But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed."(Isaiah 53: 5)
    "In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace."(Ephesians 1:7)
    "Praise the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits, who forgives all your sins and heals all your diseases, who redeems your life from the pit and crowns you with love and compassion."(Psalm 103: 2-4)
  • Judgement
    The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats(Matthew 25)
  • Repentance and Forgiveness
    "As far as the east is from the west, so far he has removed our transgressions from us. As a father has compassion for his children, so the Lord has compassion ..."(Psalm 103: 12-13)
    "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness."1 John 1:9)
    "The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life."(Romans 6:23)
    "Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death."(Romans 8: 1-2)
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